- Robert E. Lee
- BIRTH DATE
- January 19, 1807
- DEATH DATE
- October 12, 1870
- West Point Military Academy
- PLACE OF BIRTH
- Stratford Hall, Virginia
- PLACE OF DEATH
- Lexington, Virginia
Robert E. Lee was the main Confederate general during the U.S. Common War and has been loved as a gallant figure in the American South.
Who Was Robert E. Lee?
Robert E. Lee came to military unmistakable quality during the U.S. Common War, directing his house state’s military and getting general-in-head of the Confederate powers around the finish of the contention. Despite the fact that the Union won the war, Lee earned eminence as a military strategist for scoring a few significant triumphs on the front line. He proceeded to become leader of Washington College, which was renamed Washington and Lee University after his demise in 1870.
A Confederate general who drove southern powers against the Union Army in the U.S. Common War, Robert Edward Lee was conceived on January 19, 1807, at his family home of Stratford Hall in northeastern Virginia.
Lee was cut from Virginia gentry. His more distant family individuals incorporated a president, a central equity of the United States and underwriters of the Declaration of Independence. His dad, Colonel Henry Lee, otherwise called “Light-Horse Harry,” had filled in as a rangers head during the Revolutionary War and earned acknowledgment as one of the war’s legends, winning commendation from General George Washington.
Lee considered himself to be an augmentation of his family’s significance. At 18, he enlisted at West Point Military Academy, where he put his drive and genuine brain to work. He put second in his graduating class following four unblemished years without a negative mark and wrapped up his examinations with ideal scores in gunnery, infantry and mounted force.
In the wake of moving on from West Point, Lee wedded Mary Custis, the incredible granddaughter of Martha Washington (from her first marriage, before meeting George Washington) in 1831. Together, they had seven youngsters: three children (Custis, Rooney and Rob) and four little girls (Mary, Annie, Agnes and Mildred).
Early Military Career
While Mary and the kids spent their lives on Mary’s dad’s ranch, Lee remained focused on his military commitments. His loyalties moved him around the nation, from Savannah to St. Louis to New York.
In 1846, Lee found the opportunity he had been hanging tight for his entire military profession when the United States did battle with Mexico. Serving under General Winfield Scott, Lee separated himself as a valiant fight administrator and a splendid strategist. In the repercussions of the U.S. triumph over its neighbor, Lee was held up as a saint. Scott gave Lee specific applause, saying that in the occasion the United States went into another war, the administration ought to consider taking out an extra security strategy on the leader.
Be that as it may, life away from the front line demonstrated hard for Lee to deal with. He battled with the ordinary errands related with his work and life. For a period, he got back to his significant other’s family’s manor to deal with the home, after the passing of his dad in-law. The property had fallen under tough situations, and for two long years, he attempted to make it productive once more.
In October 1859, Lee was called to stop a subjugated individual revolt drove by John Brown at Harper’s Ferry. Lee’s arranged assault took only a solitary hour to end the revolt, and his prosperity put him on a waitlist of names to lead the Union Army should the country do battle.
Be that as it may, Lee’s duty to the Army was supplanted by his pledge to Virginia. Subsequent to diverting down a proposal from President Abraham Lincoln to order the Union powers, Lee left the military and got back. While Lee had hesitations about focusing a war on the servitude issue, after Virginia casted a ballot to withdraw from the country on April 17, 1861, Lee consented to help lead the Confederate powers.
Throughout the following year, Lee again separated himself on the war zone. On June 1, 1862, he assumed responsibility for the Army of Northern Virginia and drove back the Union Army during the Seven Days Battles close to Richmond. In August of that year, he gave the Confederacy a critical triumph at Second Manassas.
However, not all worked out positively. He pursued debacle when he attempted to cross the Potomac at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, scarcely getting away from the site of the bloodiest single-day conflict of the war, which left somewhere in the range of 22,000 soldiers dead.
From July 1-3, 1863, Lee’s powers endured another round of substantial setbacks in Pennsylvania. The three-day deadlock, known as the Battle of Gettysburg, cleared out a colossal lump of Lee’s military, ending his attack of the North while assisting with switching things around for the Union.
By the fall of 1864, Union General Ulysses S. Award had picked up the advantage, destroying quite a bit of Richmond, the Confederacy’s capital, and Petersburg. By mid 1865, the destiny of the war was clear, a reality driven home on April 2 when Lee had to surrender Richmond. After seven days, a hesitant and down and out Lee gave up to Grant at a private home in Appomattox, Virginia.
“I assume there is nothing for me to do except for take a brief trip and see General Grant,” he told an associate. “What’s more, I would prefer to pass on a thousand passings.”
Spared from being hanged as a deceiver by a generous Lincoln and Grant, Lee got back to his family in April 1865. He inevitably acknowledged work as leader of Washington College in western Virginia, and gave his endeavors toward boosting the organization’s enlistment and money related help.
In late September 1870, Lee endured an enormous stroke. He passed on at his home, encircled by family, on October 12. Presently a while later, Washington College was renamed Washington and Lee University.
Questioned Legacy and Statue
In the decades after the Civil War, Lee came to be viewed by supporters as a chivalrous figure of the South. A few landmarks to the late broad jumped up before the finish of the nineteenth century, outstandingly in New Orleans, Louisiana, and Dallas, Texas.
Lee’s muddled inheritance turned out to be important for the way of life wars that overwhelmed the nation over a century later. While some tried to have sculptures of Confederate pioneers eliminated from general visibility, others contended that doing so spoke to an endeavor to eradicate history. In 2017, after the City Council of Charlottesville, Virginia, casted a ballot to move a Lee sculpture from a recreation center, Charlottesville turned into the site of a few fights and counter-fights; in August, various demonstrators conflicted, bringing about one passing and 19 wounds.
In late October 2017, President Donald Trump’s head of staff, John Kelly, further fanned the flares of the debate with his appearance on Fox News. Tending to the subject of a Virginia church’s choice to eliminate plaques that respected both Lee and Washington, Kelly considered the Confederate general a “fair man” and highlighted the “absence of a capacity to bargain” as the reason for the Civil War, an investigation that got under the skin of adversaries.