With a variety of automatic farms in Minecraft, you should never run out of materials. An important addition to your suite of automated farming facilities is an automatic sugarcane farm.

Sugarcane is a plant that grows close to the edge of the water and may be crafted into sugar or paper. As you progress in Minecraft, paper becomes relatively essential. You will use it to create maps, books, and bookcases. Instead of searching for sugarcane, add this computerized farm for your base!

This guide will teach you how to make a simple automatic sugarcane farm that can be expanded and customized.

Materials Needed

Material in player inventory for making an automatic sugarcane farm in Minecraft


This farm involves some redstone work, but it’s nothing too difficult. Below, you can see the full list of materials needed for this automatic sugarcane farm.

  • 2 water buckets
  • 5 sugarcane
  • 2 hoppers
  • 37 glass blocks
  • 5 redstone dust
  • 30 building blocks (your choice, depending on the appearance you prefer)
  • 5 observers
  • 5 pistons
  • 1 chest
  • 5 dirt

To build a sugarcane farm, you will need to already have some sugarcane on hand. Fortunately, it’s not that hard to find. Sugarcane can be found in almost every biome, near a water source. Chances are, you will probably spawn near a sugarcane source.

If for some reason you cannot find any, the Wandering Trader will sell you 1 sugarcane for an emerald.

Steps to Make an Automatic Sugarcane Farm

foundation blocks for Minecraft Auto-Sugarcane farm


First, you will want to lay down 5 dirt blocks in a row. Leaving a row next to the dirt empty, surround the 5×2 space with your building block.

Above, you could see what it have to appear like. The sugarcane will not region at the ground with out a water source. However, you could see it within the image above for reference as to where it will pass.

Example of Hopper Collection System for Minecraft sugarcane farm


Dig a hole in the middle of the foundation, directly next to the dirt for sugarcane. Extend this outwards underneath the building block, removing 3 dirt blocks. You should have a 4×5 build, with a 3×1 ‘trench’ leading to the side. Check the image above for reference.

Once the hole is dug, place a chest on the outside. The chest should be in the center of the 5 blocks facing you. Feel free to clear an area for easy access. From the backside of the chest, attach 2 hoppers. Hold shift when attaching to chests and hoppers so you won’t interact with them. The example above has a removed building block so you can see the layout of both hoppers.

Minecraft Sugarcane farm step, with Pistons and water sources placed


Place two water sources on opposite ends of the empty 5×1 space above the hopper. The water should flow and meet at the hopper in the center.

Next, plant 5 sugarcanes on the dirt, and then use your building blocks behind the sugarcane to place 7 blocks in a row.

On top of the building blocks, place 5 pistons. Pistons are a bit tricky to place, so you may have to use a few temporary blocks to adjust the pistons until they face outwards, towards the sugarcane.

Minecraft Sugarcane Farm with redstone and observers


On top of each piston, place an observer. Behind each piston, place a building block with redstone on top. This is the only redstone needed, but it is important in making this farm automatic.

When the sugarcane grows in front of the observers, the redstone will trigger, causing the pistons to push outwards. Each time a piston is activated, 2 sugarcane will be harvested.

Side View of Minecraft Automatic Sugarcane Farm


You’re almost done! Use glass to enclose the farm. When the pistons push outwards, the sugarcane will break and may fly in every direction. To ensure that the broken sugarcane ends up in the water going to the chest, place glass along the edges. For extra precaution, you can also place a glass roof. 

Be sure to have a ‘maintenance entrance’ just in case you need to fix anything. Glass breaks when it is destroyed, so consider adding a door or a ladder to enter through the top. You can change the building block with any block of your choice.

Additionally, you can use colored glass, or just use your building block instead. The glass adds a nice effect, allowing you to see the inner workings of the farm, but this is not necessary.

Now, you are officially executed with the automatic sugarcane farm! This farm will provide you with cloth from five distinct sugarcane plants. However, you can increase this farm as plenty as you want. Check out some suggestions for growth and performance below.

Tips for Efficiency

Expanded Minecraft Auto-Sugarcane farm, double the length of guide version


As mentioned earlier, this farm can easily be expanded. Above, you can see the original farm expanded. To do this, just follow the same pattern as before. Extend the rows of pistons and observers over each additional sugarcane you plant.

Adjusting the water sources is easy as well. You will still place water in each corner. However, you will have to move the hopper so it stays in the center of the flowing water. Try to have the water sources always meeting in the center. If your farm becomes too long for water to meet, consider making a new row instead of having an extra-long farm.

As with many Minecraft farms, this will only produce sugarcane if you are nearby. Material in Minecraft will not grow if you are far away, so keep this farm near your base.