- Dalai Lama
- BIRTH DATE
- July 6, 1935 (age 85)
- PLACE OF BIRTH
- Taktser, China
- ZODIAC SIGN
Dalai Lama, Tibet’s political pioneer, has strived to make Tibet a free and law based state from China. He and his supporters are banished to India.
Who Is Dalai Lama?
The Dalai Lama was conceived Lhamo Thondup on July 6, 1935 in Taktser, China. At age 15, he expected political intensity of Tibet as the Dalai Lama. The People’s Republic of China attacked that very year. Dreading death, he and a great many adherents fled to Dharamshala in northern India, where they built up an elective government. From that point forward, the Dalai Lama has taken various activities in order to establish a self-ruling Tibetan state inside the People’s Republic of China. Notwithstanding, the Chinese government has given no indications of advancing toward harmony and compromise with Tibet. The Dalai Lama has additionally directed several gatherings, talks and workshops around the world, as a component of his philanthropic endeavors. He was granted the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989. In December 2008, the Dalai Lama reported his semi-retirement in the wake of having gallstone medical procedure.
Lhamo Thondup was conceived on July 6, 1935 in Taktser, China, upper east of Tibet, to a laborer family. He is the head of state and otherworldly pioneer of the Tibetan government estranged abroad situated in Dharamshala, India. Tibetans trust him to be the rebirth of his ancestors. For almost 50 years, he had planned to set up Tibet as a self-administering, just state.
Lhamo Thondup was the fifth of 16 youngsters—seven of whom passed on at a youthful age. Following a while of looking for a replacement to the thirteenth Dalai Lama and following numerous critical profound signs, strict authorities found Lhamo Thondup, at age 2, and recognized him as the rebirth of the thirteenth Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso. Youthful Lhamo was renamed Tenzin Gyatso and broadcasted the fourteenth Dalai Lama.
Dalai Lamas are accepted to be the resurrection of Avalokitesvara, a significant Buddhist divinity and the exemplification of sympathy. Dalai Lamas are likewise illuminated creatures who have deferred their own the hereafter and picked to take resurrection to profit humankind. “Dalai” signifies “sea” in Mongolian (the name “Gyatso” originates from the Tibetan word for sea). “Lama” is what could be compared to the Sanskrit word “master,” or profound educator. Set up, the title of Dalai Lama is truly “Sea Teacher,” which means an “instructor profoundly as profound as the sea.”
Buddhism was made in the 6th century, BCE, with the introduction of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama, making it perhaps the most seasoned religion rehearsed today. Starting in India, the religion spread all through the greater part of eastern and southern Asia. Buddhism came to Tibet in the eighth century, CE. Dissimilar to different religions that are fixated on an incomparable being, Buddhism is focused on four fundamental certainties: Life isn’t great; individuals are left unsatisfied by attempting to make life great; individuals can understand there is a superior method to accomplish satisfaction; and by carrying on with one’s life through intelligence, moral direct and mental control, individuals will arrive at edification.
Inside these realities are endless layers of lessons on the idea of presence, life, passing and oneself. Buddhism urges its devotees not to have confidence in those lessons, as adherents of different religions have faith in their religion’s focal figures and doctrine, but instead to investigate, comprehend, and test the certainties against their own encounters. The accentuation here is on the investigation. The Buddhist conviction of resurrection is an idea of “reestablishment” and not actually rebirth of a soul or body. Under Buddhism, the cognizance of an individual can turn out to be essential for the awareness of someone else, as a fire moves starting with one light then onto the next. The subsequent fire isn’t indistinguishable from the first, nor is it very surprising. Accordingly, Buddhists accept life is a consistent excursion of experience and disclosure and not partitioned among life and the great beyond.
Turning into the Dalai Lama
Tenzin started his strict instruction at age 6. His tutoring comprised of rationale, Tibetan craftsmanship and culture, Sanskrit, medication and Buddhist way of thinking, which is partitioned into five different classifications managing the flawlessness of shrewdness, ascetic control, power, rationale and epistemology—the investigation of information. At age 11, Tenzin met Heinrich Harrer, an Austrian mountain dweller, who got one of his coaches, showing him the rest of the world. The two remained companions until Harrer’s passing in 2006.
In 1950, at 15 years old, Tenzin expected full political force as the Dalai Lama. Notwithstanding, his governorship was short. In October of that year, the People’s Republic of China attacked Tibet against little obstruction. In 1954, the Dalai Lama went to Beijing for harmony chats with Mao Zedong and other Chinese pioneers. In any case, in 1959, proceeded with concealment of the Tibetan individuals by Chinese soldiers prompted their uprising. The Dalai Lama and his nearest guides accepted the Chinese government was wanting to kill him. Therefore, he and a few thousand supporters fled to Dharamshala in northern India and built up an elective government there.
At that point, the People’s Republic of China believed the Dalai Lama to be an image of an old strict development, not in accordance with socialist way of thinking. All the more as of late, the Chinese government asserts that he is a nonconformist and a double crosser for upholding Tibetan self-rule, and a fear monger for actuating Tibetan insubordination.
Struggle with China
Since the Chinese attack, the Dalai Lama has taken various activities in order to establish an independent Tibetan state inside the People’s Republic of China. In 1963, he gave a draft constitution for Tibet containing various changes to democratize the administration. Called the Charter of Tibetans in Exile, it awards the right to speak freely of discourse, conviction, get together, and development. It likewise gives itemized rules to Tibetans living estranged abroad.
During the 1960s, the Central Intelligence Agency subsidized and prepared Tibetan powers to oppose the Chinese intrusion and occupation with the Dalai Lama’s full information and backing. The program was a disappointment as a great many lives were lost in the obstruction and is currently viewed as simply a Cold War strategy with respect to the United States to challenge the Chinese government’s authenticity in the district.
In September 1987, the Dalai Lama proposed the Five Point Peace Plan for Tibet as the initial phases in a tranquil answer for accommodate with the Chinese government and end the unstable circumstance there. The arrangement recommended that Tibet would turn into a safe-haven where illuminated individuals can exist in harmony and nature can be saved. In June 15, 1988, the Dalai Lama tended to individuals from the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France. There he proposed talks between the Chinese and Tibetans that would prompt a self-administering popularity based political element for Tibet. The element would be related with the People’s Republic of China, and the Chinese government would be liable for Tibet’s international strategy and protection.
In 1991, the Tibetan government estranged abroad proclaimed the Strasbourg Proposal invalid on account of the current Chinese authority’s negative mentality toward the proposition.
The Dalai Lama is the otherworldly pioneer of Tibetan Buddhism, and in the convention of Bodhisattva he has gone through his time on earth focused on profiting humankind. He has composed various books and directed several meetings, talks and workshops at significant colleges and foundations all through the world, examining participating in astuteness, sympathy and, all the more as of late, natural supportability. In contrast to his ancestors, the Dalai Lama has met with numerous Western heads and has visited the United States, Europe, Russia, Latin America and numerous nations in Asia on various events.
Known as a powerful open speaker, the Dalai Lama is regularly portrayed as charming. His message is consistently one of harmony and empathy for individuals everywhere on the world. During his movements abroad, he has focused on the requirement for a superior comprehension of and regard among various religions of the world. He has shown up at interfaith administrations and has met with a few heads of different religions, including Pope John Paul II; Dr. Robert Runcie, the Archbishop of Canterbury; Gordon B. Hinckley, the leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; and Patriarch Alexius II, of the Russian Orthodox Church.
In 1989, the Dalai Lama was granted the Nobel Peace Prize for his peaceful endeavors for the freedom of Tibet and his anxiety for worldwide natural issues. The Committee’s reference expressed, “The Committee needs to underscore the way that the Dalai Lama in his battle for the freedom of Tibet reliably has contradicted the utilization of savagery. He has rather supported serene arrangements dependent on resistance and shared regard so as to protect the authentic and social legacy of his kin.” as of late, various Western colleges and foundations have presented harmony grants and privileged doctorate degrees upon the Dalai Lama in acknowledgment of his recognized works in Buddhist way of thinking, just as his exceptional authority in the administration of opportunity and harmony.
Working for Peace
In the run-up to the 2008 Beijing Olympics, unrest broke out in Tibet in anticipation of media attention and increased repression by the Chinese government. The Dalai Lama pleaded for calm and condemned Chinese violence. This was met with frustration by many in Tibet, who considered his comments ineffective, and allegations by the Chinese that the Dalai Lama incited the violence—an accusation that he strongly denies. While the United Nations has passed several resolutions on China, calling for the respect of fundamental human rights and a cessation of human rights violations, and has expressed concern about continuing human rights violations in Tibet, little has been done to resolve the problem. In recent years, proposed resolutions to protect Tibetan human rights have been postponed or reworded to ease any pressure on the Chinese government.
In recent years, Chinese President Hu Jintao has shown no signs of moving toward peace and reconciliation with Tibet. Some say that the Chinese government is just waiting for the Dalai Lama to die and thereby finally dispel any lingering hopes for an autonomous, democratic Tibet. In December 2008, the Dalai Lama announced his semi-retirement after having gallstone surgery.
On March 10, 2011, on the 52nd anniversary of his exile from Tibet, the Dalai Lama announced that he would give up his role as Tibet’s political leader. He said the decision came from a long-held belief that the Tibetans needed a freely elected leader. A spokeswoman from the Chinese foreign ministry called his resignation “a trick.”
In September 2015, the Dalai Lama cancelled several speaking events in the United States that were scheduled for October on the advice of his doctors. After a routine annual checkup, the 80-year-old spiritual leader was told to rest for several weeks and remained at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, for further evaluation.